Peter Grosell's Antikvariat

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ATUAGAGDLIUTIT.

Nalinginarnik tusaruminasassunik unikat. No. 46 - 157. Nuuk: L. Möller 1865 - 1871. Bound in 4 not quite uniform original halfcloth-bindings. + No. 170 - 181. Nuuk: L. Möller 1872-1873. Bound in original blue wrapper. + No. 1-12. Nuuk: L. Möller 1883-84. Bound in original blue boards. + No. 1-12. Nuuk: L. Möller 1906-07 + 1907-08 + 1912-13 + 1914-15 + 1919-20. Bound in 5 uniform private cloth bindings. Illustrated with in all 39 colour lithographs + 75 black and white lithographs. From 1906-1920 illustrated with photos.

The first illustrated newspaper in the world and even in colour. The unique culture of Greenland was in severe crisis in 1853 when Dr. H.J. Rink first settled in Greenland. The meeting with European culture had proved a highly traumatic experience for the native Greenlanders and to a great extent they had become totally dependent upon the Europeans. To avoid that the Greenlanders would lose sense of their identity, Rink wanted them to have equal responsibility for developing their own cultural awareness so together with Samuel Kleinschmidt and E. Janssen, Rink undertook publication of the first Greenlandic newspaper. From 1861-74 Atuagagdliutit was edited by a native Greenlander Rasmus Bertelsen Bertelsen was followed as editor by another Greenlander, Lars Møller (1874-1921), who was to continue on the post until 1921 and who had also been the newspaper's printer from its original launch. Furthermore, Møller together with the famous Greenlandic artist Aron from Kangeq, created the magnificent lithographs and woodcuts printed in black/white and colour and some coloured by hand. Bringing the Greenlanders into contact with the rest of the world together with summarized versions of classical literature as well as stories from Greenland, mythology and tales of hunters' adventures, this newspaper was extremely popular from the start - that is in Greenland and in Greenland only, as the publication made no great impact at the time in Denmark or elsewhere. Today, however, it is clearly seen as a remarkable achievement the printworks themselves were extremely primitive, and climatic conditions often caused great problems - actual printing required moist paper and in very low temperatures this often ended up frozen instead! The translation of texts from Danish to Greenlandic caused great problems to the translator many words which describe modern civilized life did not exist in Greenlandic. Thus, the translator had to invent new words. Atuagagdliutit, which means distributed reading matter or free newspaper, did not only apply to the adult reader. Many of the texts and illustrations apply to children and young readers as well. Together with Pokbogen (1859) and Grønlandske Folkesagn (1859-63), Atuagagdliutit gave the Greenlanders the first opportunity to become acquainted with literature printed in Greenland and in their own language. Atuagagdliutit was their first acquanitance with world literature, both world literature for adults as well as for children and youth. To be mentioned are Defoe, Hans Christian Andersen, fairy tales and tales of the Arabian Nights. Furthermore, the newspaper had immense educational influence since it was the Greenlanders', thus, also Greenlandic children's first chance to study world history, ethnography, accounts of journeys, natural history etc. H.J. Rink (1819-93), the publisher of Atuagagdliutit, was a Danish geographer. In 1845 he went with the corvette Galathea on her scientific circumnavigation of the globe and in 1848 he went on his first mineralogical journey to Greenland where he spent four years and mapped out large parts of the country. From 1853 he functioned as factor in Greenland and later on as Royal Inspector of South Greenland. He founded the first print shop in Greenland in Godthaab in 1861 and started publishing Autagagdliutit. Deeply interested in the Eskimos he made several investigations into their customs, language, tales etc. and published several works on the subject. For health reasons he had to return to Denmark in 1868. Since the time of Hans Egede, no one has had such immense value for the preservation of Greenlandic culture as Rink. The newspaper was a monthly publication which consisted of eight pages plus illustrations, but only distributed once a year to the settlements in Greenland. Only 200 examples were printed in its first year and only very few have survived. The newspapers were read so much that they were practically falling apart, the illustrations were often torn out and used as decoration and pages were frequently used as plugs in muzzle loading guns. Except from 4-5 complete sets held by the public authorities in Denmark and Greenland, we only know of one more complete set in a private collection.



ATUAGAGDLIUTIT.

Bestillingsnummer: 167008

DKK 45.000

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© 1986 - 2018 Peter Grosell's Antikvariat

Address : Læderstræde 15 - DK- 1201 Copenhagen K - Denmark
Phone : +45 3393 4505 - +45 4015 6975
Email : info@grosell.dk




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